Upgrade SQLite on OS X Mavericks / Yosemite

1. Run ‘sqlite3′ in the Terminal app to show the installed SQLite version.

$ sqlite3
SQLite version 3.7.13 2012-07-17 17:46:21
Enter «.help» for instructions
Enter SQL statements terminated with a «;»
2. Go to http://www.sqlite.org/download.html page and download the Precompiled Binaries for Mac OS X (sqlite-shell-osx-x86-3080600.zip)

3. Unzip the ‘sqlite-shell-osx-x86-3080600.zip’ file so you will get the new ‘sqlite3′ file.

4. Backup the current version of SQLite and make it non-executable file.

$ which sqlite3
$ sudo mv /usr/bin/sqlite3 /usr/bin/sqlite3-old
$ sudo chmod -x /usr/bin/sqlite3-old
5. Now move the new downloaded sqlite3 file to /usr/bin/ directory and make it executable.

$ sudo mv sqlite3 /usr/bin/
$ sudo chmod +x /usr/bin/sqlite3
6. Verify that SQLite has been upgraded by issuing ‘sqlite3′ command in Terminal

$ sqlite3
SQLite version 3.8.6 2014-08-15 11:46:33
Enter «.help» for usage hints.
Connected to a transient in-memory database.
Use «.open FILENAME» to reopen on a persistent database.
You can see on the above that the SQLite has been successfully upgraded to version 3.8.6

sqlite3 – A command line interface for SQLite version 3
sqlite3 [options] [databasefile] [SQL]
sqlite3 is a terminal-based front-end to the SQLite library that can evaluate queries interactively
and display the results in multiple formats. sqlite3 can also be used within shell scripts and other
applications to provide batch processing features.
To start a sqlite3 interactive session, invoke the sqlite3 command and optionally provide the name of
a database file. If the database file does not exist, it will be created. If the database file does
exist, it will be opened.

For example, to create a new database file named «mydata.db», create a table named «memos» and insert
a couple of records into that table:

$ sqlite3 mydata.db
SQLite version 3.1.3
Enter «.help» for instructions
sqlite> create table memos(text, priority INTEGER);
sqlite> insert into memos values(‘deliver project description’, 10);
sqlite> insert into memos values(‘lunch with Christine’, 100);
sqlite> select * from memos;
deliver project description|10
lunch with Christine|100
If no database name is supplied, the ATTACH sql command can be used to attach to existing or create
new database files. ATTACH can also be used to attach to multiple databases within the same interac-tive interactive
tive session. This is useful for migrating data between databases, possibly changing the schema
along the way.

Optionally, a SQL statement or set of SQL statements can be supplied as a single argument. Multiple
statements should be separated by semi-colons.

For example:

$ sqlite3 -line mydata.db ‘select * from memos where priority > 20;’
text = lunch with Christine
priority = 100

The interactive interpreter offers a set of meta-commands that can be used to control the output for-mat, format,
mat, examine the currently attached database files, or perform administrative operations upon the
attached databases (such as rebuilding indices). Meta-commands are always prefixed with a dot (.).

A list of available meta-commands can be viewed at any time by issuing the ‘.help’ command. For

sqlite> .help
.databases List names and files of attached databases
.dump ?TABLE? … Dump the database in an SQL text format
.echo ON|OFF Turn command echo on or off
.exit Exit this program
.explain ON|OFF Turn output mode suitable for EXPLAIN on or off.
.header(s) ON|OFF Turn display of headers on or off
.help Show this message
.import FILE TABLE Import data from FILE into TABLE
.indices TABLE Show names of all indices on TABLE
.mode MODE ?TABLE? Set output mode where MODE is one of:
csv Comma-separated values
column Left-aligned columns. (See .width)
html HTML <table> code
insert SQL insert statements for TABLE
line One value per line
list Values delimited by .separator string
tabs Tab-separated values
tcl TCL list elements
.nullvalue STRING Print STRING in place of NULL values
.output FILENAME Send output to FILENAME
.output stdout Send output to the screen
.prompt MAIN CONTINUE Replace the standard prompts
.quit Exit this program
.schema ?TABLE? Show the CREATE statements
.separator STRING Change separator used by output mode and .import
.show Show the current values for various settings
.tables ?PATTERN? List names of tables matching a LIKE pattern
.timeout MS Try opening locked tables for MS milliseconds
.width NUM NUM … Set column widths for «column» mode

sqlite3 has the following options:

-init file
Read and execute commands from file , which can contain a mix of SQL statements and meta-com-mands. meta-commands.

-echo Print commands before execution.

Turn headers on or off.

Query results will be displayed in a table like form, using whitespace characters to separate
the columns and align the output.

-html Query results will be output as simple HTML tables.

-line Query results will be displayed with one value per line, rows separated by a blank line.
Designed to be easily parsed by scripts or other programs

-list Query results will be displayed with the separator (|, by default) character between each
field value. The default.

-separator separator
Set output field separator. Default is ‘|’.

-nullvalue string
Set string used to represent NULL values. Default is » (empty string).

Show SQLite version.

-help Show help on options and exit.

sqlite3 reads an initialization file to set the configuration of the interactive environment.
Throughout initialization, any previously specified setting can be overridden. The sequence of ini-tialization initialization
tialization is as follows:

o The default configuration is established as follows:
mode = LIST
separator = «|»
main prompt = «sqlite> »
continue prompt = » …> »
o If the file ~/.sqliterc exists, it is processed first. can be found in the user’s home directory,
it is read and processed. It should generally only contain meta-commands.

o If the -init option is present, the specified file is processed.

o All other command line options are processed.
The sqlite-doc package

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